The political and strategic dimensions of the relations between the EU and the Republic of Korea fall within the category of a more complex interaction namely economic and cultural. In this perspective, economic relations seem to prevail. However, the political and strategic dimension is growing very quickly, paradoxically also due to the fast-advancing economic cooperation, especially since the 2010 Free Trade Agreement (FTA). From that point forward, both parties have considered each other strategic partners.In the current situation in the East Asia: the growing military power of China, the possible changes in political alliances and security issues on the Korean Peninsula and Japan’s departure from a pacifist stance, the political and strategic dimension of the relations between the EU and the Republic of Korea are likely to gain in significance. Although the interaction between Europe and Korea boasts a long history, strict EU-Korea relations have been varied. Bilateral relations between Korea and some EU member states are at a different level of advancement than overall EU-Korea interactions. Despite the cultural differences and often competing interests and threats, relations between the EU and Korea are still important for both sides.